The top U.N. court ruled Tuesday that neither Croatia nor Serbia committed genocide during the 1990s Balkan wars, when Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia.
According to a ruling read by Judge Peter Tomka of the International Court of Justice, many crimes had been committed by the two countries' forces but both sides failed to prove the other committed genocide during the conflict, which killed over 20,000 people.
Croatia accused Serbia of committing ethnic cleansing and genocide in the city of Vukovar and other areas in 1991. Serbia later filed a counter suit over the expulsion of Serbs from Croatia in 1995.
Both countries have said they will accept the ruling of the ICJ, which is meant to settle disputes between states. But there is concern that the ruling may spark political tensions.
Fresh Fighting in Eastern Ukraine Kills Five
Fresh fighting between Ukraine's military and Russia-backed separatists killed at least five people in the region of Donetsk, officials said Tuesday.
Officials at the rebel-run Donetsk city hall also said at least 13 people were wounded in the fierce outbreak of shelling over the previous 24 hours.
Fighting has raged in the self-declared separatist regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, especially around the Ukrainian-controlled town of Debaltseve, since peace talks in Belarus between Ukraine's government and the separatists collapsed Saturday.
There are fears the violence could soon escalate. On Monday, a pro-Russian separatist leader announced a "general mobilization" with the aim of bolstering separatist armed forces to as many as 100,000 fighters.
Meanwhile, the United States says it has not made a decision on whether to provide Ukraine with lethal military assistance in its fight against the separatists.