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中国时间: 21:07 2016年12月10日星期六

双语新闻(2015年4月29日)

  • 美国之音

**沙特国王任命新王储及外交大臣**

沙特阿拉伯国王萨勒曼星期三对一些高层职位进行了调整,包括任命他的侄子纳伊夫亲王为新王储。

看来这位新王储取代了萨勒曼国王的同父异母弟弟穆克林。今年1月沙特国王阿卜杜拉去世,萨勒曼登上王位后任命穆克林为王储。

此外,萨勒曼国王通过国家媒体宣布任命新外交大臣的政令,由沙特驻美国大使阿祖贝尔接任长期担任外交大臣的费萨尔。

萨勒曼的儿子默哈迈德·本·萨勒曼被任命为副王储。

Saudi King Appoints New Crown Prince, Foreign Minister

Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz reshuffled a number of top posts Wednesday, including naming his nephew Prince Mohammed bin Nayef as the new crown prince.

The new heir apparent replaces the king's half brother, Muqrin, who had just been named crown prince in January when King Salman took power upon the death of the King Abdullah.

In another move, all announced by a decree in state media, the king appointed a new foreign minister, elevating the Saudi ambassador to the U.S. Adel al-Jubeir to replace longtime diplomat Saud al-Faisal.

The king's son, Prince Mohammad bin Salman, is the new deputy crown prince.

**自由之家:全球新闻自由度降至十年最低点**

一个国际人权监督组织星期三发表报告说,去年全球新闻自由度降至10多年来的最低点。

自由之家发表的年度报道说,世界各地的新闻记者面临各种势力施加的限制,包括专制政府、恐怖分子以及有商业利益的媒体所有者。

自由之家对199个国家和地区的新闻自由度进行了排名,最差的国家和地区是朝鲜、乌兹别克斯坦、土库曼斯坦、白俄罗斯、古巴、叙利亚、伊朗和克里米亚。最好的国家是挪威、瑞典和比利时。

自由之家说,总体而言,世界上只有14%的人生活在自由国家:“这些国家里记者可以充分报道政治消息,记者的安全得到保障,国家对媒体事务只做最低程度的干预,而且媒体不会受到强大的法律和经济压力。”

Global Press Freedom At Lowest Point in Decade: Report

Global press freedom declined last year to its lowest level in more than a decade, according to a report issued Wednesday by an international human rights monitoring organization.

Freedom House's annual survey said journalists across the world face restrictions placed on them by forces including authoritarian governments, terrorists and media owners with business interests.

The worst offenders on the organization's ranking of 199 nations or territories were North Korea, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Cuba, Syria, Iran and Crimea. Norway, Sweden and Belgium topped the list.

Overall, Freedom House says just 14 percent of the world's population lives in free countries "where coverage of political news is robust, the safety of journalists is guaranteed, state intrusion in media affairs is minimal, and the press is not subject to onerous legal or economic pressures."

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