无障碍链接

中国时间: 03:27 2016年12月10日星期六

YOLO美语 第三十课

  • 美国之音

Summary 简介

Anna plans to have a dinner party. She needs to buy seafood, so she goes to the waterfront. She gets a surprise at the fish market.

Speaking 口语

In this video, learn to say the new words for this lesson. You can also learn about how to use count and noncount nouns.

Pronunciation 发音

Use this video to learn about the abbreviations for dozen and pounds.

Conversation 对话


Anna: Hello! Washington, D.C. sits on the Potomac River. This river is important to the history and culture of the city. Today, I am at an outdoor seafood market near the Potomac River. Some say it is the oldest outdoor seafood market in the United States! I am here to buy seafood. Let’s see what they have!
Anna: Excuse me. Can you help me?
Pete: Sure! What do you need?
Anna: Pete!
Pete: Anna!
Anna: What are you doing here?
Pete: I work here. You know, it’s not easy to be a writer.
Anna: Yeah, I heard that. Sorry.
Pete: But this job is great. I work outside by the river. And I can eat all the free seafood I want!
Anna: That is great, Pete. In fact, I am here to buy some seafood for my dinner party.
Pete: You came to the right place. They have the freshest seafood in town. How much money can you spend?
Anna: I can only spend $50.
Pete: Okay. What do you want?
Anna: First, I want to buy some shrimp.
Pete: Sure thing. Follow me. How much shrimp do you want?
Anna: How much do I need for five people?
Pete: (yells to co-worker) Give her a pound of shrimp!
Anna: Ok, now I want to buy some crabs.
Pete: The crabs here are delicious! They are the best because they come from the nearby Chesapeake Bay! Walk this way.
Pete: How many crabs do you want?
Anna: I want a dozen crabs.
Pete: You should get the larger crabs. They have the most meat.
Anna: Then I want a dozen large crabs, please!
Pete: Is that everything you need?
Anna: Let’s see … I have shrimp and crabs. And a friend is bringing a salad and many ears of corn-on-the-cob.
Pete: Is that all the seafood that you need?
Anna: Yes.
Pete: That’ll be $49.95. Cash or credit?
Anna: Credit, please.
Pete: Anna, you love to eat seafood. Did you grow up on the water?
Anna: No, I didn’t. But I love the water. And I love being on the water.
Pete: You know how to sail?
Anna: Well … this afternoon I am going on a boat.
Pete: You are full of surprises. What kind of boat? Is it a motorboat or a sailboat?
Anna: It’s a special boat, Pete. Well, thanks for your help. See you later!
Pete: See you, Anna! Wow, Anna’s a sailor! Who knew?
Anna: Yes, rivers are important to the history and culture of Washington, D.C. And now I am part of this city’s interesting waterfront culture. Until next time!

Writing 写作

Where do you buy fresh food? Is there a seafood or vegetable market near where you live? Tell us about it! Try to use some of the words from this lesson, like best, freshest, oldest, spend, money, and larger. Write to us by email or in the Comments section.

你在哪里购买新鲜食物?你家附近有海鲜或是蔬菜市场吗?评论或发邮件,用本课学到的一些词汇告诉我们。

Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice using comparative and superlative adjectives with a friend.

点击图片,下载练习页,跟朋友一下练习使用比较级和最高级形容词。

Activity Sheet Lesson 30

Activity Sheet Lesson 30

Learning Strategy 学习技巧

Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.

The learning strategy for this lesson is Make Inferences . Making inferences means using some information to make a guess. When learning a new language, we often need to guess at the meanings of words or sentences.

本课的学习技巧是做出推论,也就是利用已知信息进行推测。学习外语时,我们经常需要推测单词或句子的意思。

In this week's video, Pete guesses that Anna grew up on the water. He says, "Anna, you love to eat seafood. Did you grow on near the water?"

在本课视频中,Pete猜Anna是在水边长大的。

Anna answers, "No, I didn’t. But I love the water. And I love being on the water." Pete hears that and uses the information to make an inference about Anna. He asks her, "You know how to sail?"
Anna说自己不是在水边长大的,但是很喜欢有水的地方,也喜欢出海。Pete听到后,再次推测,问Anna是不是会航行。

Can you find another place in the conversation when Pete makes an inference? Do you ever make inferences when listening to or reading English? Write to us about it in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.

你还能在课文中找到Pete做出推断的另外一处地方吗?你在听英语或是阅读英语文章的时候,会不会用到推断的技巧?评论或发邮件告诉我们。

Quiz 测试

Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.

​______________________________________________________________

New Words 新词汇

best - adj. better than all others in quality or value
best - 形容词,最好的
Chesapeake Bay- n. an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. It is 200 miles (or 320 km) long; and from 4–40 miles (or 6–64 km) wide.
Chesapeake Bay - 名词,切萨皮克湾,是大西洋的一个海湾,位于马里兰和维吉尼亚州,320公里长,6-64公里宽。
corn-on-the-cob - n. corn when cooked and eaten straight from the cob - the part of corn that the kernels grow on; an ear of corn
corn-on-the-cob - 名词,玉米棒
.
Corn on the cob

Corn on the cob

crab - n. a sea animal that has a hard shell, eight legs, and two large claws
crab - 名词,螃蟹
credit - n. money that a bank or business will allow a person to use and then pay back in the future
credit - 名词,信用,信贷
dozen - n. a group of 12 people or things
dozen - 名词,12个
ear - n. the part of a corn plant on which the seeds grow
ear - 名词,穗
freshest - adj. the most fresh
freshest - 形容词,最新鲜的
many - adj. used to refer to a large number of things or people
many - 形容词,很多的
much - adj. large in amount or extent
much - 形容词,很多的
larger - adj. greater in size or amount
larger - 形容词,更大的
market - n. a place where products are bought and sold
market - 名词,市场
money - n. something (such as coins or bills) used as a way to pay for goods and services and to pay people for their work
money - 名词,钱
most - adj. almost all or the majority of
most - 形容词,大多数
motorboat - n. a boat with a motor
motorboat - 名词,摩托艇
oldest - adj. having the highest age of a group
oldest - 形容词,最年长的
Potomac River - proper noun. a river flowing from West Virginia to the Chesapeake Bay. It flows between Maryland and Virginia.
Potomac River - 专用名词,波托马克河,从西维吉尼亚州流往切萨皮克湾,位于马里兰州和维吉尼亚之间。
pound - n. a unit of weight that is equal to 16 ounces or about a half of a kilogram
pound - 名词,磅,一磅相当于16盎司,大约一斤。
river - n. a large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land and goes into an ocean or a lake
river - 名词,河流
sail - v. to travel on water in a ship or boat
sail - 动词,航行
sail - n. large piece of strong cloth that is connected to a ship or boat and that is used to catch the wind that moves the ship or boat through the water
sail - 名词,帆
sailboat - n. a boat that has a sail
sailboat - 名词,帆船
sailor - n. a person who works on a boat or ship as part of the crew
sailor - 名词,水手
salad - n. a mixture of raw green vegetables, such as different types of lettuce, usually combined with other raw vegetables
salad - 名词,沙拉
seafood - n. fish and shellfish that live in the ocean and are used for food
seafood - 名词,海鲜
some - adj. refers to an unspecified amount or number
some - 形容词,一些
spend - v. to use money to pay for something
spend - 动词,花费
water - n. an area of water such as a lake, river, or ocean
water - 名词,水,包括湖泊,河流或是海洋
waterfront - n. the land or the part of a town next to the water of an ocean, river or lake.
waterfront - 名词,水边

______________________________________________________________

Free Materials 免费学习材料

Word Book

Word Book

Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.

Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice using comparative and superlative adjectives.

For Teachers

教师资源

Lesson plan - Lesson 30

Lesson plan - Lesson 30

See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.

Grammar focus: Comparative and superlative adjectives; Quantitatives (much/many); Count/non-count nouns

Topics: Asking for and making food recommendations; Units of measure & their abbreviations; dollar amounts expressed in numerals; credit/debit payment

Learning Strategy: Make Inferences

Speaking & Pronunciation Focus: Using count and noncount nouns; Abbreviations for amounts

______________________________________________________________

Now it's your turn. Send us an email or write to us in the Comments section below or on our Facebook page to let us know what you think of this lesson.

显示评论

XS
SM
MD
LG