Anna plans to have a dinner party. She needs to buy seafood, so she goes to the waterfront. She gets a surprise at the fish market.
In this video, learn to say the new words for this lesson. You can also learn about how to use count and noncount nouns.
Use this video to learn about the abbreviations for dozen and pounds.
Anna: Hello! Washington, D.C. sits on the Potomac River. This river is important to the history and culture of the city. Today, I am at an outdoor seafood market near the Potomac River. Some say it is the oldest outdoor seafood market in the United States! I am here to buy seafood. Let’s see what they have!
Anna: Excuse me. Can you help me?
Pete: Sure! What do you need?
Anna: What are you doing here?
Pete: I work here. You know, it’s not easy to be a writer.
Anna: Yeah, I heard that. Sorry.
Pete: But this job is great. I work outside by the river. And I can eat all the free seafood I want!
Anna: That is great, Pete. In fact, I am here to buy some seafood for my dinner party.
Pete: You came to the right place. They have the freshest seafood in town. How much money can you spend?
Anna: I can only spend $50.
Pete: Okay. What do you want?
Anna: First, I want to buy some shrimp.
Pete: Sure thing. Follow me. How much shrimp do you want?
Anna: How much do I need for five people?
Pete: (yells to co-worker) Give her a pound of shrimp!
Anna: Ok, now I want to buy some crabs.
Pete: The crabs here are delicious! They are the best because they come from the nearby Chesapeake Bay! Walk this way.
Pete: How many crabs do you want?
Anna: I want a dozen crabs.
Pete: You should get the larger crabs. They have the most meat.
Anna: Then I want a dozen large crabs, please!
Pete: Is that everything you need?
Anna: Let’s see … I have shrimp and crabs. And a friend is bringing a salad and many ears of corn-on-the-cob.
Pete: Is that all the seafood that you need?
Pete: That’ll be $49.95. Cash or credit?
Anna: Credit, please.
Pete: Anna, you love to eat seafood. Did you grow up on the water?
Anna: No, I didn’t. But I love the water. And I love being on the water.
Pete: You know how to sail?
Anna: Well … this afternoon I am going on a boat.
Pete: You are full of surprises. What kind of boat? Is it a motorboat or a sailboat?
Anna: It’s a special boat, Pete. Well, thanks for your help. See you later!
Pete: See you, Anna! Wow, Anna’s a sailor! Who knew?
Anna: Yes, rivers are important to the history and culture of Washington, D.C. And now I am part of this city’s interesting waterfront culture. Until next time!
Where do you buy fresh food? Is there a seafood or vegetable market near where you live? Tell us about it! Try to use some of the words from this lesson, like best, freshest, oldest, spend, money, and larger. Write to us by email or in the Comments section.
Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice using comparative and superlative adjectives with a friend.
Activity Sheet Lesson 30
Learning Strategy 学习技巧
Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.
The learning strategy for this lesson is Make Inferences . Making inferences means using some information to make a guess. When learning a new language, we often need to guess at the meanings of words or sentences.
In this week's video, Pete guesses that Anna grew up on the water. He says, "Anna, you love to eat seafood. Did you grow on near the water?"
Anna answers, "No, I didn’t. But I love the water. And I love being on the water." Pete hears that and uses the information to make an inference about Anna. He asks her, "You know how to sail?"
Can you find another place in the conversation when Pete makes an inference? Do you ever make inferences when listening to or reading English? Write to us about it in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.
Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.
New Words 新词汇
best - adj. better than all others in quality or value
best - 形容词，最好的
Chesapeake Bay- n. an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. It is 200 miles (or 320 km) long; and from 4–40 miles (or 6–64 km) wide.
Chesapeake Bay - 名词，切萨皮克湾，是大西洋的一个海湾，位于马里兰和维吉尼亚州，320公里长，6-64公里宽。
corn-on-the-cob - n. corn when cooked and eaten straight from the cob - the part of corn that the kernels grow on; an ear of corn
corn-on-the-cob - 名词，玉米棒
Corn on the cob
crab - n. a sea animal that has a hard shell, eight legs, and two large claws
crab - 名词，螃蟹
credit - n. money that a bank or business will allow a person to use and then pay back in the future
credit - 名词，信用，信贷
dozen - n. a group of 12 people or things
dozen - 名词，12个
ear - n. the part of a corn plant on which the seeds grow
ear - 名词，穗
freshest - adj. the most fresh
freshest - 形容词，最新鲜的
many - adj. used to refer to a large number of things or people
many - 形容词，很多的
much - adj. large in amount or extent
much - 形容词，很多的
larger - adj. greater in size or amount
larger - 形容词，更大的
market - n. a place where products are bought and sold
market - 名词，市场
money - n. something (such as coins or bills) used as a way to pay for goods and services and to pay people for their work
money - 名词，钱
most - adj. almost all or the majority of
most - 形容词，大多数
motorboat - n. a boat with a motor
motorboat - 名词，摩托艇
oldest - adj. having the highest age of a group
oldest - 形容词，最年长的
Potomac River - proper noun. a river flowing from West Virginia to the Chesapeake Bay. It flows between Maryland and Virginia.
Potomac River - 专用名词，波托马克河，从西维吉尼亚州流往切萨皮克湾，位于马里兰州和维吉尼亚之间。
pound - n. a unit of weight that is equal to 16 ounces or about a half of a kilogram
pound - 名词，磅，一磅相当于16盎司，大约一斤。
river - n. a large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land and goes into an ocean or a lake
river - 名词，河流
sail - v. to travel on water in a ship or boat
sail - 动词，航行
sail - n. large piece of strong cloth that is connected to a ship or boat and that is used to catch the wind that moves the ship or boat through the water
sail - 名词，帆
sailboat - n. a boat that has a sail
sailboat - 名词，帆船
sailor - n. a person who works on a boat or ship as part of the crew
sailor - 名词，水手
salad - n. a mixture of raw green vegetables, such as different types of lettuce, usually combined with other raw vegetables
salad - 名词，沙拉
seafood - n. fish and shellfish that live in the ocean and are used for food
seafood - 名词，海鲜
some - adj. refers to an unspecified amount or number
some - 形容词，一些
spend - v. to use money to pay for something
spend - 动词，花费
water - n. an area of water such as a lake, river, or ocean
water - 名词，水，包括湖泊，河流或是海洋
waterfront - n. the land or the part of a town next to the water of an ocean, river or lake.
waterfront - 名词，水边
Free Materials 免费学习材料
Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.
Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice using comparative and superlative adjectives.
Lesson plan - Lesson 30
See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.
Grammar focus: Comparative and superlative adjectives; Quantitatives (much/many); Count/non-count nouns
Topics: Asking for and making food recommendations; Units of measure & their abbreviations; dollar amounts expressed in numerals; credit/debit payment
Learning Strategy: Make Inferences
Speaking & Pronunciation Focus: Using count and noncount nouns; Abbreviations for amounts
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