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中国时间 23:56 2017年3月25日 星期六

YOLO美语 第四十二课

  • 美国之音

Summary

Anna sees a crime and tries to help find the robbers. She hurts her arm. The news reporter wants to know, "How did she hurt herself?"

Anna目击犯罪,试图帮忙抓住抢劫犯,结果胳膊受伤。新闻记者想知道,“她是怎么伤到自己的呢?”

Speaking 口语

In this video, learn how to say the new words. Then learn how to use reflexive pronouns like herself, ourselves, and yourself.

Pronunciation 发音

Use this video to understand how English speakers pronounce the words "did you" quickly and learn to say them as /didjə/.

Conversation 对话


Guy: Hello. I'm Guy Newsman with News Channel XYZ. I’m here in Washington, D.C. at the scene of a crime.
Guy: We are talking with this woman.
Guy: She saw the crime during her lunch break. It looks like she hurt herself while she was trying to stop the crime.
Guy: Tell us your name.
Anna: Hi, Guy. I'm Anna.
Guy: Anna, what did you see and what happened to your arm?
Anna: Guy, I was minding my own business. See, I work over there.
Guy: Um-hum
Anna: I left work to get some lunch. Then suddenly, I heard a woman yelling. She was yelling like this ... “Help! Help!”
Guy: Um-hum
Anna: Two robbers were grabbing her bag like this. She was hitting them with her umbrella.
Guy: Is that when you hurt your arm?
Anna: No. At that time, I was not fighting the robbers.
Guy: Um-hum.
Anna: See. I was too far away and I didn't have my own umbrella.
Guy: So, what happened next?
Anna: They grabbed her bag and ran away! So, I grabbed her umbrella and ran after the robbers.
Guy: Then that is the time that you hurt your arm?
Anna: No. I was yelling, “Stop, robbers! Stop!” She was yelling, “Hey, come back with my umbrella!”
Guy: Were you afraid?
Anna: I had no time to be afraid, Guy. Well, I had time while I was resting on a bench. I had a lot of time.
Guy: Then what happened?
Anna: The robbers got on a bus. So, I ran after the bus.
A VO: While I was running, I tripped and fell.
Guy: And that is the time that you hurt your arm?
Anna: No. While I was lying on the ground, someone stepped on my arm!
Guy: Ouch. That’s too bad.
Anna: Yeah. And they didn’t apologize. Well, then the robbers got themselves kicked off the bus.
Guy: Why?
Anna: They didn’t pay. You've got to pay when you get on a bus. The police came and took them away.
Guy: And that’s when you hurt your arm!
Anna: No.
Guy: Then, when did you hurt yourself?
Anna: Well, Guy, by this time, I was feeling very hungry. So, I went to my office to get a snack.
C: Anna, I'm calling for help right now.
C: (on the phone) Hello? Yes, please come right away. My co-worker is stuck in a vending machine.
Guy: You hurt your arm in a vending machine buying a bag of chips?
Anna: I was really hungry and the bag was stuck. I had to -
Guy: That’s all from News Channel XYZ. This is Guy Newsman saying goodbye.
Guy: Okay, we have to find ourselves another story, guys.
Anna: Until next time! Hi Mom!

Writing 写作

In this lesson, Anna hurt herself in the vending machine. Did you ever hurt yourself by accident? What were you doing when you hurt yourself? Write to us by email or in the Comments section.

在本课中,Anna使用自动贩售机受伤。你有没有在意外中受伤的经历,你是怎么受伤的?发邮件或评论告诉我们。

Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice writing and using the past continuous tense and reflexive pronouns.

点击图片下载练习页,练习使用过去进行时和反身代词。

Activity Sheet Lesson 42

Activity Sheet Lesson 42

Learning Strategy 学习技巧

Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.

The learning strategy for this lesson is Read Between the Lines. This expression means to find a hidden meaning in something said or written.

本课的学习技巧是揣摩隐含的意思。

In this lesson, Guy Newsman asks Anna many questions. Anna tells him a long story about the crime. But she doesn't explain how she hurt her arm until the end. Guy reads between the lines each time he guesses about how she hurt her arm.

在本课中,Guy Newsman问了Anna很多问题。Anna长篇累牍给他讲述了犯罪的整个经过,但直到最后才解释了自己的胳膊是怎么受伤的。Guy从头到尾都在从字里行间里揣摩,猜测她受伤的原因。

Do you ever read between the lines to understand what you hear or read in English? Write to us about it in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.

你在听读英语时,有没有从字里行间揣摩意思过?发邮件或评论告诉我们。

Quiz 测试

Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.

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New Words 新词汇

arm - n. either one of the two long body parts that join the top of your body at the shoulder and that end at the hand or wrist
arm - 名词,胳膊
chips - n. thin, hard, and usually salty pieces of food
chips - 名词,薯片
crime - n. an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government
crime - 名词,犯罪
fall (past tense: fell) - v. to come or go down suddenly from a standing position
fall (过去式是fell) - 动词,掉在
grab - v. (past participle: grabbing) to quickly take and hold (someone or something) with your hand or arms
grab - 动词,抓取
ground - n. the soil that is on or under the surface of the earth
ground - 名词,地上
kick off - phrasal verb. (past tense: kicked off) force (someone) to leave
kick off - 动词词组,把某人赶走
lie - v. (gerund: lying) to be in a flat position on a surface
lie - 动词,平躺
minding my own business - idiom. doing what you normally do and not bothering anyone
minding my own business - 习惯用语,自顾自做事
robber - n. a criminal who steals money or property or a thief who robs people
robber - 名词,抢劫犯
snack - n. a small amount of food eaten between meals
snack - 名词,零食
step - v. to put your foot down — usually + in or on
step - 动词, 踩
stuck - adj. difficult or impossible to move from a position
stuck - 形容词,卡住了
trip - v. (past tense: tripped) to fall or nearly by accidentally hitting your foot on something as you are walking or running
trip - 动词,绊倒
umbrella - n. a device that is used for protection from the rain and sun
umbrella - 名词,雨伞
vending machine - n. a machine that you put money into in order to buy food or drinks
vending machine - 名词,自动贩卖机

Subject Pronouns

(Lesson 2)

Object Pronouns

(Lesson 18)

Possessive Adjectives

(Lesson 15)

Possessive Pronouns

(Lesson 37)

Reflexive Pronouns (Lesson 42)

1st person

I

me

my

mine

myself

2nd person

you

you

your

yours

yourself

3rd person (female)

she

her

her

hers

herself

3rd person (male)

he

him

his

his

himself

3rd person (neutral)

it

it

its

(not used)

itself

1st person (plural)

we

us

our

ours

ourselves

2nd person (plural)

you

you

your

yours

yourselves

3rd person (plural)

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

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Free Materials

免费材料

Word Book

Word Book

Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.

Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice using the past continuous tense and reflexive pronouns.

For Teachers

教师资源​

Lesson Plan - Lesson 42

Lesson Plan - Lesson 42

See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.

Grammar: Reflexive pronouns; While-clauses; Past Continuous Tense,

Topics: Describing ongoing past activities; Asking about & giving information about past events; Describing a sequence of events; Expressing concern about someone; Reacting to bad news; Expressing sympathy

Learning Strategy: Read Between the Lines

Speaking & Pronunciation: Reflexive pronouns; Pronouncing /didjə/

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Now it's your turn. Send us an email or write to us in the Comments section below or on our Facebook page to let us know what you think of this lesson.

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