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中国时间: 03:01 2016年12月03日星期六

流行美语第181课

  • 美国之音

Larry和李华正在商量如何帮助他们的朋友Jane,因为Jane在工作上碰到了困难。今天李华会学到两个常用语:a can of worms和cut one's losses。

LL: I think that maybe we should just be supportive of Jane. It's best not to open a can of worms by trying to give her advice.

LH: 当然我们应该支持Jane。你说我们不要什么?Open a can of worms? Worms是虫子,支持Jane,给她提建议和一罐虫子有什么关系?而且哪儿有什么罐子里装虫子的?

LL: "To open a can of worms" means to do something that results in a complicated situation full of problems.

LH: 我说呢,open a can of worms是个比喻,不是真的开一罐虫子。所以To open a can of worms 是指做了某件事会把问题弄得更复杂。可是,Larry, 我不懂,为什么给Jane提一些建议反而会造成更多问题呢?

LL: Well, if she follows your advice and it doesn't solve her problem, then she might blame you.

LH: 这倒也是,如果Jane听了我们的建议,但是问题解决不了,她可能会反过来怪我们。还有,我们也可能因为不了解情况而给她错误的建议呀!

LL: Right. There are so many things that could go wrong when you give people advice that I usually avoid opening that can of worms.

LH: 这是没错,给人提建议是很可能会出问题的,因为你毕竟不了解他的情况。可是,你也不能因为这样就避免给人提建议,不能因咽废食。给朋友出主意也是应该的嘛。对了,Larry, 你还不知道,那天在课堂上我才真的是opened a can of worms.

LL: What did you do?

LH: 我问教授为什么不讨论第13章,结果教授要全班回家读第13章,而且星期一还要考试呢!

LL: I bet that everyone in your class is unhappy with you right now.

LH: 就是啊,现在全班同学一定在骂我。更惨的是,连教授也生我的气,因为这本来是他的疏忽,可给我指明了。所以喽,我真的是招惹了更多麻烦。

LL: Wow, that's a tough situation. You really did open a can of worms.

LH: 就是啊,所以我现在很后悔,早知道什么都别说就好了。

LL: Unfortunately, sometimes keeping your mouth shut is the only way to avoid opening a can of worms.

LL: Well, Jane decided to cut her losses and quit her job. She's going to start looking for a new job tomorrow.

LH: 真的?Jane决定要辞掉那个工作啦?Larry,什么是cut her losses?

LL: To cut one's losses means to give up and withdraw from a losing situation.

LH: Cut one's losses就是看到形势对自己不利就决定改变方向,这样可以减少损失。所以Jane决定宁可辞职,也不要再浪费时间去解决工作上的问题。是这个意思吗?

LL: Exactly. She didn't see any way to improve her relationship with her co-workers, so she decided to cut her losses and leave.

LH: 嗯,要是根本没有希望改善和她同事的关系,那还不如趁早离开,免得再继续受罪。

LL: Sometimes, there's nothing you can do to improve a situation. All you can do is cut your losses and try to find a better situation.

LH: 说的也是。人生有许多事情真的是你再怎么努力,也没办法改善的。像我一位朋友,她是研究生化专业的博士生,可是她和她的指导教授关系很差。

LL: What happened?

LH: 跟了那个教授三年后,决定不能再浪费时间了。所以她决定cut her losses,拿了个硕士学位就走人。博士学位也不要了。

LL: She gave up on her PhD?

LH: 她实在没别的选择,就只能放弃喽!

今天李华学到了两个常用语。一个是to open a can of worms,意思是做了某件事会造成更多问题。另一个常用语是to cut one's losses,这是指及时从对自己不利的局面里撤出来,以减少损失。今天的流行美语就进行到这里,谢谢大家收听,我们下次节目再见。
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