无障碍链接

中国时间: 12:43 2016年12月03日星期六

美国习惯用语第084讲

  • 美国之音

今天我们要给大家介绍两个由throw这个字组成的俗语。第一个是to throw to the wolves。Wolf就是狼,to throw to the wolves的意思就是:牺牲别人来解救自己。这个俗语可能是来自一个俄罗斯的民间故事。这个故事说的是,一对父母带着几个孩子坐着雪橇在雪地里行走,后面有一群狼在追他们。那个做父亲的就把他的孩子一个接着一个地扔给狼吃,这样他自己就可以安全地抵达目的地。我们来举个例子看看这个俗语在实际生活中是怎么用的:

例句-1: The voters have been demanding that the mayor do something about all the corruption at city hall, so he threw a couple of minor officials to the wolves--he accused them of taking bribes to issue building permits and then fired them.

这是说:选民们要求市长对市政府内部所有的贪污行为采取行动,于是他就把两名基层官员做牺牲品来保全他自己。他指责这两个基层官员在发放建筑许可证方面接受贿赂,然后就把他们解雇了。

但是,比这位市长更凶狠的人也并不少见,下面就是一个例子:

例句-2: Louie, we've got to find some small-time guys to throw to the wolves for murdering that cop. Otherwise, the cops will trace the killing right back to us.

这是一个流氓头子在说话,他对手下的一个打手说:路易,我们得在谋杀那个警察的事上找一些小喽罗来做牺牲品,否则,警察就要把这案件追根儿追到我们这儿来了。

******

我们下面要给大家介绍的一个俗语是:to throw the baby out with the bath water。To throw the baby out with the bath water从字面上来解释就是:在泼洗澡水的时候连孩子一起泼掉了。这是很难想象的。但是这个俗语真正表达的是:在你扔掉不要的东西时把宝贵的东西都无意地一起扔掉了。我们举个例子吧:

例句-3: Our company thought they'd be smart and save money by stopping the bonuses they had been giving to the salesmen who sold the most cars each month. Well, they saved a little money, but they threw the baby out with the bath water--our best salesmen quit and went to work for our biggest competitor.

这句话的意思是:我们公司取销了给每个月出售汽车最多的推销员奖金的制度,以为这样做很明智,可以省钱。可是,他们省了一点儿钱却失掉了更有价值的东西,因为我们最好的推销员就此不干了,他到和我们竞争最激烈的公司去干了。

下面这个例子里的公司主管比较聪敏,他正在考虑要不要解雇那个他不满意的雇员:

例句-4: I'd really like to fire this man tomorrow. But if I fire him, his brother will probably leave with him. His brother is one of our best people, and I don't want to throw the baby out with the bath water.

他说:我可真想明天就把那个人解雇了。但是,要是我解雇他,他的哥哥也许会和他一起走。他哥哥是我们这儿最好的雇员之一,我可不要因为解雇他弟弟而失去他。
XS
SM
MD
LG