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中国时间: 20:34 2016年12月05日星期一

VOA现场:中国综合症--美国进口对就业影响


麻省理工学院经济学教授、国家经济研究所研究员大卫.奥托与大卫.多恩和戈登.汉森合写的研究报告分析了1990年至2007年间中国日益强劲的进口竞争对美国地方劳工市场的影响。他们的研究发现,大量的中国进口增加了美国的失业,降低了劳工参与并且令工资下降。保守地统计,美国制造业流失了大约1百万份工作。在受到影响的地区,失业福利补贴、残疾福利、退休和医保费用都大幅度上升。

主讲人:大卫.奥托,麻省理工学院经济学教授、国家经济研究所研究员

专家讨论:
加里.巴特莱斯,布鲁金斯学会经济研究资深研究员西
亚.李, 劳联-产联办公厅副主任、经济学家
罗伯特.斯格特,经济政策研究所贸易和制造业政策研究主任

时间:2012年7月17日12点半至2点半
地点:经济政策研究所

The Economic Policy Institute invites you to a forum discussing the impact trade with China has on jobs and wages for U.S. workers.

The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States

Featured Presenter: David Autor, Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Faculty Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research

This research paper, co-authored with David Dorn and Gordon H. Hanson, analyzes the effect of rising Chinese import competition between 1990 and 2007 on local U.S. labor markets. The study finds that rising exposure to Chinese imports increases unemployment, lowers labor force participation, and reduces wages in local labor markets. Conservatively, it explains one-quarter of the aggregate decline in U.S. manufacturing employment in this period (approximately 1 million jobs). Transfer benefits payments for unemployment, disability, retirement and healthcare also rise sharply in exposed labor markets.

Discussants:
Gary Burtless,Senior Fellow-Economic Studies, The Brookings Institution Thea Lee, Deputy Chief of Staff and Economist, AFL-CIO
Robert Scott, Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy Research, Economic Policy Institute

Time: Tuesday, July 17, 2012, 12:30 - 2:30 pm
Location: 1333 H Street, NW Suite 300, East Tower
Washington, DC 20005

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