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中国时间: 02:14 2016年12月03日星期六

YOLO美语 第二十七课

  • 美国之音

Summary 简介

Anna does not feel well. She calls her boss and her doctor. What do they tell her to do? And will she follow their advice?

Speaking 口语

Learn to pronounce the new words for this lesson. You also learn about irregular past tense verbs.

Pronunciation 发音

Use this video to learn about how to ask two kinds of questions: WH-questions and Yes/No questions.

Conversation 对话

Anna: Hello! I am sure that today, in Washington, D.C,. there are a lot of great things to do. But I am not doing any of them. I am sick. Right now, I'm going to call my boss and tell her I cannot come in to work.
Caty: Hello?
Anna: Ms. Weaver, Hi. I can’t come to work today.
Caty: Why not? What is wrong?
Anna: Well, yesterday I felt fine.
Anna: In the morning, I painted for hours. In the afternoon, I cut wood. Then, I built a fire.
Caty: Anna, what do you mean? Why can’t you come to work today?
Anna: I do not feel well. I think I’m sick.
Caty: I’m sorry to hear that. I was sick last week, too. I had the flu.
Anna: (sneezes) What did you do?
Caty: I slept a lot and I drank a lot of water. Do you have a doctor?
Anna: Yes, I do.
Caty: You should call your doctor. And get lots of rest!
Anna: Thanks, Ms. Weaver. I’ll call right now. I'm calling my doctor.
Dr. Bennett: (to herself) Now, where does this thing go?
Dr. Bennett: Hello. This is Dr. Bennett. How can I help you?
Anna: Hello, Dr. Bennett. This is Anna.
Dr. Bennett: Oh, Hi, Anna. How can I help you?
Anna: I think I’m sick.
Dr. Bennett: Let me ask you a couple of questions. Do you have a sore throat?
Anna: Yes. I have a sore throat.
Dr. Bennett: Do you have a cough?
Anna: Yes. I have a cough.
Dr. Bennett: When did you start feeling sick?
Anna: This morning. Yesterday I felt great. In the morning I painted, for hours - in the afternoon I cut wood -
Dr. Bennett: Excuse me, Anna. But I don’t need to know all that. Do you have a fever?
Anna: Oh. My thermometer says 125 degrees?! What??
Dr. Bennett: Yeah, that’s not right.
Anna: Oh. Wait. The thermometer was in my hot cup of coffee.
Dr. Bennett: Please take it again, Anna.
Anna: Okay, the thermometer says 100.5 degrees.
Dr. Bennett: 100.5 degrees is not too high. I want you to drink lots of water. Rest in bed and get lots of sleep.
Anna: That is what my boss said to do. Um, Dr. Bennett, when can I go to work?
Dr. Bennett: Don’t go to work for a couple of days.
Anna: Yes! I mean, I don’t want to make my co-workers sick.
Dr. Bennett: That’s right. Call me back in a couple of days.
Anna: I will, Dr. Bennett. And thanks.
Anna: Well, you heard the doctor – no work for a couple of days. I need water, sleep and um … lots of movies! Well, the doctor didn’t say anything about movies. But it can’t hurt! Until next time!

Writing 写作

What happens when you get the flu? Does your family have a special way to get well again? Write to us by email or in the Comments section. Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice talking about health problems with a friend.

你得了流感会怎么治?你家人有没有什么特殊的办法,能让你尽快好起来?评论或发邮件告诉我们。按照下面的图片跟朋友一起练习,讲述身体的不适。

Lesson 27 Activity Sheet

Lesson 27 Activity Sheet

Learning Strategy 学习技巧

Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.

The learning strategy for this lesson is Analyze Information. When we are learning a second language, we can think carefully about the new information we learn, and make a decision. That is what analyzing information means.

本课的学习技巧是分析信息。学习外语的时候,我们可以仔细思考新学到的信息,然后做出决定。这就是分析信息的意思。

In the video, Dr. Bennett asks Anna many questions. Then she analyzes the information she learned. She tells Anna to stay home, drink water and sleep.

在视频中,Dr. Bennett问了Anna很多问题,加以分析后,告诉Anna在家休息,多喝水,多睡觉。

Can you find another time in the video when someone analyzes information? Write to tell us about it in an email or in the Comments section. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more on how to teach this strategy.

你能找出视频中另外一处使用到分析信息的地方吗?评论或发邮件告诉我们。

Quiz 测试

Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.

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New Words 新词汇

cough - n. the act of forcing air through your throat with a short, loud noise often because you are sick
cough - 名词,咳嗽
doctor - n. a person who is skilled in the science of medicine
doctor - 名词,医生
fever - n. a body temperature that is higher than normal
fever - 名词,发烧
fire - n. the light and heat and especially the flame produced by burning
fire - 名词,火
flu - n. a common disease that is caused by a virus and that causes fever, weakness, body aches, and breathing problems; also called influenza
flu - 名词,流感
rest -v. to stop doing work or an activity
rest - 动词,休息
sick - adj. affected with a disease or illness; ill
sick - 形容词,生病的
sneeze - v. to suddenly force air out through your nose and mouth with a usually loud noise because your body is reacting to dust or a sickness
sore - feeling or affected by pain
sneeze - 动词,打喷嚏
thermometer - n. an instrument used for measuring temperature
thermometer - 名词,体温计
throat - n. the tube inside the neck that leads to the stomach and lungs
throat - 名词,嗓子
wood - n. the hard substance that makes up the stems and branches of trees and shrubs
wood - 名词,木头

Past Tense Verbs 动词过去式

cut / cut - v. to use a sharp tool (such as a knife) to open or divide (something, such as paper or wood)
cut / cut - 动词,切
do / did - v. to perform an action or activity
do / did - 动词,做
drink / drank - v. to take a liquid into your mouth and swallow it
drink / drank - 动词,喝
feel / felt - v. used to describe someone's physical or mental state
feel / felt - 动词,感觉
hear / heard - v. to be aware of (sound) through the ear
hear /heard - 动词,听
hurt / hurt - v. to be a source or cause of pain
hurt / hurt - 动词,伤害
paint / painted - v. to cover (something) with paint or to put paint on (something)
paint / painted - 动词,画
say / said - v. to use your voice to express (something) with words
say / said - 动词,说
sleep / slept- v. to rest your mind and body by closing your eyes and becoming unconscious
sleep / slept - 动词,睡觉 ______________________________________________________________

Free Materials 免费学习材料

Word Book

Word Book

Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.

Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice talking about health problems.

For Teachers

教师资源

Lesson 27 Lesson Plan

Lesson 27 Lesson Plan

See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.

Grammar focus: Irregular past tense verbs

Topics: Asking about health problems; giving advice for health problems

Learning Strategy: Analyze Information

Speaking & Pronunciation Focus: Wh-questions and Yes/No question intonation; Groups of verbs with irregular past tense forms

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Now it's your turn. Send us an email or write to us in the Comments section below or on our Facebook page to let us know what you think of this lesson.

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