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中国时间: 16:48 2016年12月05日星期一

VOA现场:中国工作环境及工人权利

  • 美国之音

最近,媒体就为美国生产广受欢迎产品的一些中国工厂的工作环境进行了报道。这些报道披露了超时工作、拥挤和不安全的工作及居住环境、未达法定年龄工作以及拖欠工资等境况。报道说,中国工人无权组织独立工会,而国企工会又不真正代表工人利益。

同时,中国近年颁布了一些旨在解决工人面临的问题的法律,官方控制的工会也承诺更好地代表工人。

美国国会及行政当局中国委员会就中国一些工厂的严酷工作环境举行听证,评估中国劳工法律的落实情况,并审议政府、官方工会、非政府组织以及私人公司,包括跨国公司等在解决工人权利和劳工改革方面的作用。证人还就美国对中国工人权利的政策提出建议。

第一组证人:
1) 查尔斯.克纳汉,全球劳工及人权研究院执行主任
2) 李强,中国劳工观察创建人及执行主任
3) 吴宏达,劳改基金会创建人及执行主任

第二组证人:
1) 希娅.李,劳联-产联办公室主任
2) 玛丽.盖勒格, 密西根大学中国研究中心主任
3) 厄尔.布朗,劳联-产联中国项目主任、劳工法律律师

时间:2012年7月31日下午2点半至4点
地点: 国会众议院瑞本办公楼
听证会用英语进行。

第一部分:


第二部分:


Working Conditions and Worker Rights in China: Recent Developments

Hearing by Representative Christopher Smith, Chairman and Senator Sherrod Brown, Cochairman, of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China

In recent months, several reports have been released regarding working conditions in Chinese factories that manufacture products popular in the United States─laptops, iPhones, iPads, cordless phones. These reports document excessive overtime, crowded and unsafe working and living conditions, underage workers, and unpaid wages. They note that Chinese workers do not have the right to organize into independent unions, and that the state-controlled union does little to represent them. Meanwhile, China has enacted laws in recent years intended to address worker issues, and the state-controlled union has pledged to better represent workers.

The hearing's witnesses will discuss the prevalence of harsh working conditions in Chinese factories in places like Shenzhen and Shanghai, assess implementation of China's labor laws, and examine the roles the Chinese government, China's state-controlled union, Chinese NGOs, and private companies, including multinationals, play in addressing worker rights and labor reforms. Witnesses will also provide recommendations for U.S. policy on worker rights in China.

For related Commission analysis, please see "NGOs Report Harsh Conditions at Chinese Factories Making Popular Electronics."

Witnesses:
Panel I:
Charles Kernaghan, Executive Director, Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights
Li Qiang, Executive Director and Founder, China Labor Watch
Harry Wu, Founder and Executive Director, Laogai Research Foundation and Laogai Museum

Panel II:
Thea Lee, Deputy Chief of Staff, AFL-CIO
Mary Gallagher, Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan
Earl Brown, Labor and Employment Law Counsel and China Program Director, Solidarity Center, AFL-CIO

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