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中国时间: 18:03 2016年12月03日星期六

双语新闻 (2015年11月9日)

  • 美国之音

**世行警告环境变化将增加一亿贫困人口**

世界银行警告说,发达国家若不进一步采取行动遏制全球气候升温,今后15年全球贫困人口将增加一亿。

世行在周日公布的一份报告中呼吁要实现“在减排的同时,快速、广泛的和有利气候的发展”,目的是保护世界上最易受到侵害的居民。

这份题为《大冲击:气候变迁对穷国影响之管理》的报告的发表正值11月30日巴黎召开全球气候峰会的前夕。

上个星期,联合国警告说,工业化国家作出的自愿减排承诺还远远不够,无法避免迫在眉睫的危机。

目前的建议是采取全球性措施,在本世纪把全球温度升幅限制在2摄氏度以内。

但是,联合国环境规划署周五公布的一份报告说,如果按照现行承诺加以实施,那么到2030年只能实现届时所应达到减排目标的三分之一。


World Bank: Climate Change Could Add 100 Million More Poor by 2030

The World Bank is warning that global warming will push 100 million more people into poverty across the globe in the next 15 years, in the absence of further action by developed nations to curb rising temperatures.

In a report released Sunday, the bank called for "rapid, inclusive and climate smart development, together with emission reductions" aimed at protecting the world's most vulnerable inhabitants.

The report, entitled "Shockwaves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty," comes ahead of a global summit on climate change that opens November 30 in Paris.

It also follows last week's United Nations warning that voluntary carbon emission cutting pledges from industrialized nations go nowhere near far enough to prevent a looming crisis.

Current recommendations call for global measures aimed at limiting temperature rises to 2 degrees Celsius in this century.

But Friday's U.N. Environment Program report said existing pledges - if honored - will yield only a third of the reductions needed by 2030 to preserve that long-range target.

**东盟将再次要求就南中国海问题设立准则**

根据东南亚国家联盟(简称东盟)主席即将在吉隆坡的东盟首脑会议上发布的声明草案, 东盟目前就南中国海争议问题的立场同去年相比没有什么变化。

这份声明草案是不愿透露姓名的东南亚地区一位官员递交给美国之音的。草案再次呼吁在繁忙的水域保持和平、安全、尊重国际法、以及航行自由。草案同时重申了东盟方面希望各方能够达成一项具有法律约束力的相关行为准则的愿望。

马来西亚目前是东盟轮值主席国。下一届东盟首脑会议定于11月21日在马来西亚首都吉隆坡召开。不过一般来说,在峰会上宣布的很多决定是之前就已达成一致的。

中国政府在南中国海地区的一些举动,尤其是过去一年来人造岛礁的建造,引起了各方对北京的批评。

不过,东盟一些成员国,比如柬埔寨,一直不愿就争议问题直接批评中国,或者与其他国家一同呼吁以多边谈判解决争议。

Leaked ASEAN Document Repeats Call for Code of Conduct in S. China Sea

According to a draft document of the ASEAN chairman's statement for the upcoming leaders summit in Kuala Lumpur, the group's views on disputes in the South China Sea will be little changed from last year.

The statement, given to VOA by a regional official who did not want to be named, again calls for peace, security, respect for international law and freedom of navigation in the highly trafficked waters. It also repeats ASEAN's call for a legally binding Code of Conduct.

Malaysia, the current chair of ASEAN, will host the group's annual summit in Kuala Lumpur November 21, but typically many of the decisions announced from the summit are agreed upon ahead of time.

Beijing's assertive moves in the South China Sea, especially an artificial island building spree in recent months, have led many to criticize China.

However, some ASEAN members, notably Cambodia, have been seen as unwilling to criticize China directly or join calls for multilateral talks on the disputes.

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