US, Mexico Pledge Tough Security After Group of Migrants Tried to Cross Border
Mexican and U.S. authorities are pledging to prosecute those engaging in violence at the border, after a peaceful march in protest of long asylum processing times Sunday ended with a group of migrants breaking off and trying to cross and U.S. border patrol agents responding with tear gas.
U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said Customs and Border Patrol personnel "were struck by projectiles thrown by caravan members," and the agency said that prompted officers to use the tear gas "because of the risk to agents' safety."
Mexico's Interior Ministry said in a statement that authorities were able to contain a group of about 500 people who "in a violent manner" tried to cross the border near the San Ysidro crossing, and that those who are identified as participating would be immediately deported.
The statement said that in accordance with the Mexican government's policy of respecting human rights and the non-criminalization of migration, it would not deploy military forces to control the migrants, but that it would reinforce the border points where people tried to break through.
The Tijuana government said officers arrested 39 people.
About 5,000 people -- most of them from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador -- have gathered in Tijuana after traveling in caravans in search of asylum to escape poverty and violence in their homelands, and many are expressing frustration at long wait times for their cases to be heard. San Ysidro is the busiest U.S. land crossing, and authorities there currently process about 100 asylum seekers per day.
The migrants' arrival has been met by some opposition from people in Tijuana, where many shelters were already at capacity, and on the U.S. side of the border by increased security measures that include members of the military deployed there by President Donald Trump.
U.S. authorities closed the San Ysidro crossing to vehicle traffic in both directions as well as pedestrians for several hours before fully reopening late Sunday. About 100,000 people cross there each day.
Earlier Sunday, Tijuana Mayor Juan Manuel Gastelum said he will not allow bilateral relations to be broken by bad actions of the migrant caravan.
Gastelum has been outspoken against the migrants, and last week he declared a humanitarian crisis in his city as it struggles to accommodate them. Most of the migrants are being housed at a sports complex, where they face long wait times for food and bathrooms.
Trump has called on Mexico and countries farther to the south to take actions that would prevent such migrant caravans from ever reaching the U.S. border.
The Mexican Interior Ministry said Sunday that since October 19, it had sent nearly 2,000 Central Americans who were part of recent caravans back to their countries.
On Saturday, Trump said the migrants would not be allowed into the United States until a court approves their asylum claim, which would break from existing policy allowing asylum seekers to remain in the U.S. until an immigration judge hears their case.
But Mexico's incoming government, which assumes power December 1, denied that it is willing to let U.S. asylum-seekers stay there pending the outcome of their cases in U.S. immigration courts, which could take years.
Italian Film Director Bernardo Bertolucci Dies
Italian film director Bernardo Bertolucci has died.
Bertolucci, who was 77 years old, died Monday morning at his home in Rome. Variety, the entertainment weekly magazine, reports that he had cancer.
He is best known for the films "The Last Emperor," and "Last Tango in Paris."
Bertolucci won the best director Oscar for "The Last Emperor," making him the first and only Italian to win the best director Oscar. "The Last Emperor," a cinematic masterpiece about the last imperial ruler of China, was nominated for nine Oscars and won all nine categories.
"Last Tango in Paris," however, is probably his best-known film. The 1972 erotic drama starred Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider. Tango is the tale of a older man and a young woman who have anonymous sex in various locations in Paris. "Tango" created quite a stir when it came out because of a controversial sex scene involving butter.
Years later, Schneider, who was 19 years old when filming on "Tango" began, said in an interview that the scene was not in the original script and she was only told about it right before the scene was shot. "I felt humiliated and to be honest, I felt a little raped, both by Marlon and by Bertolucci."
At the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, Bertolucci was awarded an honorary Palme d'Or for his life's work.