Anna is feeling homesick. Marsha helps her by listening to her talk about her family.
In this video, learn to say the new words. Learn to ask a friend to talk about a problem. You can also download the Activity Sheet and practice talking about your family.
In this video, you learn about how Americans pronounce the word "aunt" in different parts of the country.
Anna: Hello! Washington, D.C. has many beautiful parks. In fact, this park reminds me of my home very far away.
Marsha: Anna, here's your coffee.
Anna: Thanks, Marsha.
Marsha: What's wrong?
Anna: I'm thinking about my family. I'm feeling homesick.
Marsha: Do you want to talk about it?
Anna: Sure! I have some photos.
Marsha: Yes. Yes, you do!
Anna: Photos really help.
Anna: This is my mother and this is my father. They are rodeo clowns.
Marsha: What do rodeo clowns do?
Anna: They make jokes at a rodeo. They make people laugh.
Marsha: That-That';s very different.
Marsha: Who is that woman in the picture?
Anna: That is my Aunt Lavender. She is my mom's sister. She loves gardening and makes spoons.
Marsha: She makes spoons?
Anna: Of course.
Marsha: That, too, is very different.
Anna: Oh! This is my Uncle John. He is my father's brother.
Marsha: What does Uncle John do?
Anna: He's a chicken farmer. And makes guitars. He's awesome, and I'm his favorite niece.
Marsha: Who are they?
Anna: They are my cousins. They are my Uncle John's daughter and son.
Marsha: What do they do?
Anna: They raise sheep and make sweaters.
Marsha: Yeah, that's not a surprise.
Marsha: Thanks for showing me your family photos. Your family is very different.
Anna: I do feel better. Thanks for listening. I have many more photos!
Marsha: Yeah. Yeah, you do.
Anna: Washington, DC is my new home. But I like remembering my old home, too.
Anna's Family Tree
This is a family tree. Anna tells Marsha about her parents.
Her mother and father are rodeo clowns.
Her father's parents are from Italy. These grandparents speak Italian.
Anna's mother's parents live in California. These grandparents have a farm and raise horses.
Anna's mother's sister is Aunt Lavender. She loves gardening.
Anna's father has a brother. His name is John. Uncle John makes guitars.
Uncle John has a daughter and a son. They are Anna's cousins. They raise sheep.
Anna's brother has two children. They are Anna's niece and nephew.
Are you from a big family or a small family? Write to us to tell us about two people in your family. What do they do? Send us an email or write about them in the Comments section. Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice with a friend.
Learning Strategy 学习技巧
Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.
The learning strategy for this lesson is Find Patterns. Learning is easier when you can find and apply patterns. Here is an example.
Carlos is learning the names of family members in English. He sees a pattern. Some words change when you talk about the next generation. "Father" changes to "grandfather." When someone is related by marriage, the word "in-law" is used. "Sister" changes to "sister-in-law." Carlos thinks he can use this pattern to help remember the new words in English.
Carlos 学习英文里家庭成员的表述方式。他找到了规律，比如，谈到上一辈人的时候往往要加个 grand, 父亲 father 变成祖父就是 grandfather. 再比如，因为婚姻而确定的亲属关系一般要加上 in-law. 姐姐 sister 加上 in-law 指的就是兄弟的妻子。这种定式对 Carlos 学习新单词很有帮助。
How do you find and use patterns in studying English? Write to us in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.
Listening Quiz 听力测试
Desktop Computer: Click here to go directly to the Listening Quiz. Click on the button below if you are on a mobile device or our mobile site.
New Words 新词汇
clown - n. someone who often does funny things to make people laugh
clown - 名词，小丑
different - adj. not ordinary or common; unusual
different - 形容词，不同寻常的
feel - v. used to describe or ask about someone's physical or mental state
feel - 动词，感觉
garden – v. to work in a garden; to take care of the plants in a garden
garden - 动词，园艺
guitar - n. a musical instrument that is held against the front of your body and that has usually six strings which are played with your fingers or with a pick
guitar - 名词，吉他
homesick - adj. sad because you are away from your family and home
homesick - 形容词，想家的
joke - n. something said or done to cause laughter
joke - 名词，玩笑，笑话
laugh - v. to show that you are happy or that you think something is funny by smiling and making a sound from your throat
laugh - 动词，笑
make - v. to build, create, or produce (something) by work or effort
make - 动词，制造，生产
park - n. piece of public land in or near a city that is kept free of houses and other buildings and can be used for pleasure and exercise
park - 名词，公园
photo (photograph) - n. a picture made by a camera
photo - 名词，照片
raise - v. to keep and take care of (animals or crops)
raise - 动词，养
remind - v. to cause (someone) to remember something
remind - 动词，提醒
rodeo - n. an event in which people compete at riding horses and bulls, catching animals with ropes, etc.
rodeo - 名词，牛仔竞技
sheep - n. an animal with a thick woolly coat that is often raised for meat or for its wool and skin
sheep - 名词，绵羊
spoon - n. an eating or cooking tool that has a small shallow bowl attached to a handle
spoon - 名词，勺子
sweater - n. a warm usually knitted piece of clothing for the upper part of your body
sweater - 名词，毛衣，线衣，绒衣
Family Relationships 家庭关系
aunt - n. the sister of your father or mother or the wife of your uncle
aunt - 名词，姑，姨，舅妈，伯母，婶婶
brother - n. a boy or man who has one or both of the same parents as you
brother - 名词，兄弟
cousin - n. a child of your uncle or aunt
cousin - 名词，表兄弟姐妹，堂兄弟姐妹
daughter - n. a female child
daughter - 名词，女儿
family - n. a group of people who are related to each other
family - 名词，家庭
father - n. a male parent
father - 名词，父亲
mother - n. a female parent
mother - 名词，母亲
nephew - n. the son of your brother or sister
nephew - 名词，侄子，外甥
niece - n. a daughter of your brother or sister
niece - 名词，侄女，外甥女
sister - n. a girl or woman who has one or both of the same parents as you
sister - 名词，姐妹
son - n. a male child
son - 名词，儿子
uncle - n. the brother of your father or mother or the husband of your aunt
uncle - 名词，舅舅，叔伯，姨夫姑父
Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.
Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice a conversation about activities.
For Teachers 教师资源
See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.
Grammar focus: Auxiliary do and the verb make
Topics: Family members; family relationships.,
Learning Strategy: Find and Apply Patterns
Speaking & Pronunciation Focus: Ask about a problem; varied ways to pronounce "aunt"
Now it's your turn. Send us an email or write to us in the Comments section below or on our Facebook page to let us know what you think of this lesson.